Ukushiswa Kwephrojekthi

Umbuzo: Kuhlonzwa futhi kulawulwa kanjani ukutubeka kwephrojekthi ngaphakathi kwephrojekthi yomthombo ovulekile?

Incazelo

Ukutubeka kuyisimo sokukhathala ngokwengqondo, ngokomzwelo, nangokomzimba okubangelwa ukucindezeleka okungapheli. Ubukhulu obuthathu obubonisa ukutubeka imizwa yokuphelelwa amandla noma ukukhathala, ukwanda kokungabaza noma ibanga elingokwengqondo nomsebenzi womuntu kanye nokunciphisa ukusebenza kahle kochwepheshe (WHO, 2020). Ukushiswa kwephrojekthi kungenzeka:

  • Lapho amalungu ephrojekthi ekhungatheka ngenani lomsebenzi olindelwe ngokubamba iqhaza kwephrojekthi
  • Njengomphumela wanoma yimiphi imisebenzi yomphakathi neyomnikeli, okuhlanganisa umsebenzi wezobuchwepheshe, ukuphathwa komphakathi, nomsebenzi wenhlangano.

Izinhloso

Ukushiswa Kwephrojekthi kufanele kuqondwe ngaphakathi kwamaphrojekthi futhi kulawulwe ngempumelelo ukuze kuthuthukiswe inhlalakahle yabo bonke. Le metric ihloselwe:

  • Yenza amasu nemiphakathi ukusiza ukutubeka okuhlobene nephrojekthi
  • Khomba imisebenzi njengezinkomba eziphambili zokukhomba ukutubeka kwephrojekthi
  • Siza abantu balawule ukutubeka ngokukhomba izimpawu ngaphambi kokuthi kwenzeke
  • Siza abantu ukuthi benze izinqumo zokugcina impilo enempilo maqondana nemisebenzi yephrojekthi

Implementation

Ukusetshenziswa nokusatshalaliswa kwamamethrikhi ezempilo kungase kuholele ekwephuleni ubumfihlo. Izinhlangano zingase zichayeke ezingozini. Lezi zingozi zingase zigeleze kusukela ekuthobeleni i-GDPR e-EU, nomthetho wezwe wase-US, noma nomunye umthetho. Kungase futhi kube nezingozi zenkontileka ezivela kumigomo yesevisi kubahlinzeki bedatha njenge-GitHub ne-GitLab. Ukusetshenziswa kwamamethrikhi kufanele kuhlolwe ubungozi kanye nezinkinga zedatha yezimiso zedatha ezingaba khona. Ngicela ubone Idokhumenti ye-CHAOSS Data Ethics ukuze uthole isiqondiso esengeziwe.

Amasu Okuqoqwa Kwedatha

  • Okulandelayo kuyindlela yokuhlola kangcono inhlalakahle yabanikeli bephrojekthi yomthombo ovulekile nabanakekeli ngokusebenzisa isethi yemibuzo ewusizo engabuzwa mayelana nenhlalakahle yamalungu omphakathi.
  • Uhlolovo: Buza ngenhlalakahle yabantu abakuphrojekthi
    • Into yocwaningo lwe-Likert (1-x): Ngizizwa nginamandla ngokusebenza kule phrojekthi yomthombo ovulekile
    • Into ye-Survey Likert (1-x): Ngizizwa ngikhathele ngokomzwelo emsebenzini wami kule phrojekthi
    • Into ye-Survey Likert (1-x): Ngizizwe ngikhathele lapho ngisebenza kule phrojekthi yomthombo ovulekile
    • Into ye-Survey Likert (1-x): Ngithatha isikhathi sokuzinakekela, imikhuba yokuzenzela ethuthukisa impilo nokuphila kahle okuhle, [Bickley, 1998] lapho ngisebenza kule phrojekthi yomthombo ovulekile.
    • Into yocwaningo lwe-Likert (1-x): Ezinyangeni eziyisithupha ezedlule, ngicabange ukushiya le phrojekthi.
    • Into ye-Survey Likert (1-x): Ngicabange noma ngithathe ikhefu kuphrojekthi ngenxa yengcindezi ehlobene nephrojekthi.
    • Into ye-Survey Likert (1-x): Ngicabange noma ngithathe ikhefu kuphrojekthi ukuze ngilinganisele nezinye izingxenye zempilo yami.
    • Into yocwaningo lwe-Likert (1-x): Angibonakali nginesikhathi esanele sokwenza yonke into yenziwe kule phrojekthi.
    • Into yocwaningo lwe-Likert (1-x): Kufanele ngidebesele eminye imisebenzi ehlobene nale phrojekthi ngoba nginokuningi kakhulu okufanele ngikwenze.
    • Into yocwaningo lwe-Likert (1-x): Ngizwa sengathi iminikelo yami kuphrojekthi ibalulekile futhi inomvuzo kimi.
    • Into ye-Survey Likert (1-x): Ngizwa sengathi izwi lami lizwakala kuphrojekthi.
    • Into ye-Survey Likert (1-x): Singakhuluma ngokukhululekile kuphrojekthi mayelana nendlela esenza ngayo futhi sizizwa kanjani futhi sibhekane.
  • Landelela Idatha: Hlola idatha eku-inthanethi ukuze uthole ukuqonda okungcono kwenhlalakahle yabantu ngabanye abakuphrojekthi
    • Hlaziya amamethrikhi omsebenzi ngenani leminikelo ngokuhamba kwesikhathi ngomuntu ngamunye ukuze ubone ukuthi kukhona yini ukwehliswa okungazelelwe ngemva kwesikhathi esinwetshiwe somnikelo.
    • Hlaziya ukuthi ikhona yini iminikelo eqhubekayo phakathi nenkathi ende ephela kungazelelwe
    • Hlaziya uma kukhona inani elikhulu leminikelo eyenziwa yiqembu elincane kakhulu labantu (bheka iBus Factor noma Elephant Factor amamethrikhi)
  • Izingxoxo: Khuluma nabanikeli bephrojekthi yomthombo ovulekile nabanakekeli ngokuchaza kwabo amagama
  • Imibuzo Yomnikeli:
    • Uzizwa kanjani ngokusebenza kule phrojekthi?
    • Ungakwazi yini ukubuza imibuzo ngokuphepha noma ucele usizo lapho usebenza kule phrojekthi?
    • Ingabe isimo esingesihle senhlalakahle sikuthintele ukusebenzelana kwakho nale phrojekthi yomthombo ovulekile? Kanjani?
  • Imibuzo Yomphathi:
    • Kufanele siyibheke kanjani inhlalakahle yabantu ngabanye?
    • Uyikala kanjani inhlalakahle yamalungu omphakathi wakho kuphrojekthi yakho yomthombo ovulekile?
    • Unquma kanjani inhlalakahle yabanikeli kuphrojekthi yakho?

Okubhekwayo

  1. Odinga ukukwazi mayelana nokutubeka emiphakathini yemithombo evulekile
  2. Wenzani umnakekeli womthombo ovulekile ngemva kokutubeka?
  3. Raman, N., Cao, M., Tsvetkov, Y., Kästner, C., & Vasilescu, B. (2020). Ingcindezi Nokushiswa Emthonjeni Ovulekile: Ukuqondisa Ukuthola, Ukuqonda, kanye Nokunciphisa Ukusebenzisana Okungenampilo. Engqungqutheleni Yamazwe Ngamazwe Yobunjiniyela Besoftware, Imibono Emisha kanye Nemiphumela Esafufusa (ICSE-NIER).
  4. Umbiko Wokuqina Kwemizwa Embikweni Wobuholi 2020 (“kodwa hhayi eye-OSS”)
  5. Siza abantu bakhombe ukuthi yisiphi “isigaba” sokutubeka abakuso, noma uma besendleleni eya esigabeni sokutubeka esibi kakhulu: Umhlahlandlela osebenzayo wokugwema Ukutubeka futhi uphile impilo ejabulisayo
  6. kushile
  7. Ngifunde kanjani ngokutubeka kanzima

Abanikeli

Le metric igcine ukubuyekezwa ngomhla ka-23 Julayi 2022 njengengxenye yenqubo yokubuyekeza amamethrikhi.